G. P. Gottlieb: I’m wondering if you could talk a little bit more about the community and politically what’s happening right now with the whole female khatna movement.
GPG: Are there countries in which it is still legal, in the West let’s say?
FD: It’s generally banned in many, many, many countries all over the world. In most countries, I would say, it’s illegal. But that doesn’t mean that there’s prosecutions happening or even investigations. We now understand that it’s happening in 92 countries across the world, and as more survivors speak out, we’re hearing more and more about it. It’s such a taboo subject to speak about, and that’s why more people haven’t spoken out. But there’s a bit of a #MeToo movement around FGM that’s happening, which is great. For example, we used to think that it only happened in Africa, and then we learned about the Middle East and India and across Asia. And now we’re hearing survivors come forward from Russia, from Colombia and South America, and in recent years from white Christian women in the US.
GPG: Why are they having this happen?
FD: It’s the same reason that it’s happening across the planet. Across the planet, it’s the culture of patriarchy that drives all of this, right? And so what is talked about is the need to control sexuality. In my community, it’s to make girls pure, loyal. But that’s the same kind of mythology that is spoken about, maybe in slightly different language, across the world. One of the activists in the US who is a white Christian woman who came forward is a woman named Renee Bergstrom, and she talks about how her mother took her to a doctor because she was afraid of her being too sexualized as a child. It’s something that is just coming out. A colleague of mine recently told me that until the ’70s, FGM was something that was covered by health plans in the US. So there’s got to be lots of people in their forties, fifties, and sixties who have had this happen to them, and they just aren’t talking about it.
Farzana Doctor is a writer, activist, and psychotherapist. She was born in Zambia to Indian parents, lived there for five years and then in 1971, immigrated with her family to Canada. As a teenager, Doctor became interested in community organizing around issues of gender violence, gender rights, and environmental protection. She currently volunteers with WeSpeakOut, a global group that is working to ban female genital cutting in her Dawoodi Bohra community. Her first novel was Stealing Nasreen 2007, and her second, Six Metres of Pavement 2012, won a Lambda Literary Award and was short-listed for the 2012 Toronto Book Award. Her third novel, All Inclusive, was a Kobo 2015 and National Post Best Book of the Year. Named one of CBC Books’ “100 Writers in Canada You Need To Know Now,” she has also recently published a poetry collection. In her spare time, Farzana Doctor poses Maggie, her dog, with books she loves under the hashtag #MaggieWithBooks. And in previous times, she loved going to restaurants and travelling.